Oak Spring No.1 sold at Sotheby's

Boyer CJ-3A Fire Engine brings $68,750


If you had a 2,000-acre farm with over twenty houses and cottages, numerous barns and greenhouses, extensive equestrian facilities, and an airstrip, you might want a Jeep fire engine to protect it all. Oak Spring Farm in Upperville, Virginia bought a Boyer CJ-3A Fire Jeep for that purpose in 1950, and when the farm went on the market in 2014 for $70 million (1) the Jeep went on the block at Sotheby's auction house in New York.

The nicely-preserved and apparently functional Jeep was sold for $68,750 in November. Sotheby's pre-sale estimate had been only $20-25,000 (2) which may be why the description in the sale catalogue was incomplete and incorrect (more on that below.) But Oak Spring No. 1 will now be going to a new home after protecting the farm for 64 years.

Oak SpringOak Spring, 50 miles from Washington DC, has views of three mountain ranges: the Blue Ridge, Cobbler, and Bull Run Mountains. As of August 2014, the historic property was up for sale, following the death of owner Rachel "Bunny" Mellon. Her husband, racehorse breeder Paul Mellon, had purchased the estate in 1931 from his father, financier Andrew Mellon. Paul Mellon died in 1999.(3)

Oak SpringThe neo-Georgian-style main residence, known as the Brick House, had become a gallery to showcase Paul and Bunny Mellon's world-renowned art collection. Smaller residences on the property include a log cabin built for Mrs. Mellon's longtime friend Jacqueline Kennedy.(4)

Sotheby's auction house in New York sold the fine art, furniture, silver and more from Mrs. Mellon's residences on 21-23 November 2014. The sale realized $14.3 million, more than double the pre-sale estimate.(5)

Howe CJ-3AOddly enough, the Fire Jeep was included in the auction of interior furnishings, with the following description: "1950 WILLYS JEEP CJ2A FIRE TRUCK with Howe Fire Apparatus, VIN 44609-3J43290, serial number CJ-3A, currently with 1,440 miles listed on the odometer. Together with a pumper, an equipment trailer, a compressor and assorted fire fighting furnishings."(2)

Factory records indicate the Jeep is actually a 1950 CJ-3A built by Boyer Fire Apparatus, which is much rarer than a Howe CJ-2A. Collectors quickly saw through the carelessly researched description, and showed up ready to bid.

Factory photoThe Jeep had been delivered to the farm brand new, by Willys-Overland of Washington DC. Before leaving the Boyer factory in Indiana, it had been photographed complete with its trailer and with the "Oak Spring No.1" lettering already on the hood.

The only noticeable differences between the Jeep in 1950 and 2014 are the removal of the passenger seat, and the replacement of the soda-acid extinguisher with a large CO2 unit.

Oak SpringThis photo (courtesy of Sotheby's) appears to indicate that the Jeep was housed at the farm's airstrip, a 5100-foot runway originally built in the 1950s and capable of landing a Boeing 727. In the background is Bunny Mellon's Falcon 2000, a French-built 10-passenger executive jet.(6)

According to the Washingtonian, "Rumor has it that the federal government reserves the right to use the strip should it need air access to nearby Mount Weather, the underground bunker designated as the Federal Emergency Management Agency's operational home in the event of a national attack."(7)

It's a bit surprising considering the size and apparent importance of this airfield, that it was protected by a piece of apparatus clearly not designed for aviation fires. But perhaps the facility had other equipment, which Sotheby's didn't think was interesting enough to include in the auction.

250 LMCoincidentally, the Fire Jeep was not the only vehicle for sale at Sotheby's on 21 November. The same day, the Art of the Automobile auction was offering 41 classics to a standing-room-only audience, and brought in $62.8 million.

A 1964 Ferrari 250 LM went for $14.3 million. The New York Post commented that, "Despite the Ferrari's stunning price, it was far from the record for a car sold at auction. The Ferrari LM moved into fourth place, behind a 1954 Mercedes-Benz W196R Formula 1 Single-Seater that sold for $29.65 million, a 1967 Ferrari 275 that went for $27.5 million and a 1957 Ferrari Testa Rossa prototype that fetched $16.39 million."(8)

CERV IIAnother one that caught my eye was the only four-wheel-drive Corvette ever built, which sold for $1.1 million. The 1964 Chevrolet CERV II (Chevrolet Engineering Research Vehicle II) was Zora Arkus-Duntov's legendary Corvette test vehicle, and is described as the first known operating example of torque-vectoring all-wheel drive. It's seen here with a 1912 Stutz Model A Bearcat in the background.

Those prices make $68K for the Fire Jeep seem like a bargain. By the way, what I would have liked to see at Oak Spring's airstrip: a CJ-3B Ansul Chemical Crash Truck. -- Derek Redmond


  1. Oak Spring Farm is on the Market at Architectural Digest.
  2. 1950 Willys Jeep Fire Truck at Sotheby's New York.
  3. Paul Mellon (June 11, 1907 - February 1, 1999) at Wikipedia.
  4. Rachel "Bunny" Lambert Mellon [1910-2014]; Heiress famed for designing Rose Garden at the Toledo Blade, 17 March 2014.
  5. Property from the Collection of Mrs. Paul Mellon: Interiors at Sotheby's New York.
  6. Dassault Falcon 2000 at Wikipedia.
  7. Rachel "Bunny" Mellon's Life Told in Land at the Washingtonian.
  8. Rare Ferrari goes for record $14.3M at Sotheby's in the New York Post, 23 November 2014.


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Last updated 10 December 2014 by Derek Redmond redmond@cj3b.info
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